AHIJAH


AHIJAH
AHIJAH (Heb. אֲחִיָּה; "my (or the) brother is yhwh"), son of ahitub , priest of the house of Eli (I Sam. 14:3). Ahijah was apparently the chief priest in Shiloh during the reign of Saul (cf. Jos., Ant., 4:107), although his name does not appear in the list of chief priests in I Chronicles 6:50–55 and in Ezra 7:2–5. Several scholars identify Ahijah with ahimelech , son of Ahitub, who served as priest of Nob in Saul's days, assuming that the name Ahijah is the short form of Ahimelech or that the element melekh ("King") in his name was replaced by the divine name. When Saul fought against the Philistines at Michmas, Ahijah wore an ephod (I Sam. 14:3). According to I Samuel 14:18, Ahijah served before the Ark of God; however, according to the same chapter, verse 3 (and also according to the LXX; Baraita di-Melekhet ha-Mishkan, 6 (and cf. Ish Shalom's ed., p. 44); Ibn Ezra's commentary to Ex. 28:6 – all referring to I Sam. 14:18), "ephod" is to be read (instead of "ark"). Furthermore, only the ephod (and not the ark) is mentioned in the Bible as having been used for consulting the divine will (cf. the consultation by means of the ephod in I Sam. 23:9; 30:7). Ahijah may also have been the priest who inquired of God first whether to advance against the Philistines and then, upon failing to obtain a response, provoked God's displeasure (I Sam. 14:36 ff.).

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ahijah — () is a name of several Biblical individuals:# Ahijah the Shilonite, the Biblical prophet who divided the Kingdoms of Israel and Judah.# One of the sons of Bela (1 Chr. 8:7, R.V.). In A.V. called Ahiah. # One of the five sons of Jerahmeel, who… …   Wikipedia

  • Ahijah —    Brother (i.e., friend ) of Jehovah.    1) One of the sons of Bela (1 Chr. 8:7, R.V.). In A.V. called Ahiah.    2) One of the five sons of Jerahmeel, who was great grandson of Judah (1 Chr. 2:25).    3) Son of Ahitub (1 Sam. 14:3, 18), Ichabod… …   Easton's Bible Dictionary

  • Ahijah — (fl. llth cent, BCE)    Chief priest at Shiloh during Saul s reign. He wore an ephod when Saul fought against the Philistines (I Samuel 14:3) …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • AHIJAH THE SHILONITE — (Heb. אֲחִיָּה הַשִּׁלֹנִי), Israelite prophet during the latter part of Solomon s reign and during the concurrent reigns of rehoboam and jeroboam . Jeroboam son of Nebat of Zeredah (which, according to the Septuagint, I Kings 12:24, was near… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Ahijah the Shilonite — (Hebrew Name 1|אחיה השילוני|Ahiya Hashiloni) was a prophet of Shiloh (bibleverse|1|Kings|11:29|HE; bibleverse nb|1|Kings|14:2|HE) in the days of Rehoboam. The Bible records two of his remarkable prophecies: *bibleverse|1|Kings|11:31 39|HE,… …   Wikipedia

  • Ahijah Wood House — Infobox nrhp | name =Ahijah Wood House nrhp type = caption = location= Westminster, Massachusetts lat degrees = 42 lat minutes = 31 lat seconds = 21 lat direction = N long degrees = 71 long minutes = 53 long seconds = 35 long direction = W… …   Wikipedia

  • Ahijah the Shilonite — (fl. 10th cent BCE)    Israelite prophet. He prophesied during Solomon s reign and the concurrent reigns of Rehoboam and Jeroboam (I Kings 11 14) …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Prophecy of Ahijah — The Prophecy of Ahijah is a lost text that may have been written by the Biblical prophet Ahijah. The book is described in bibleref|2Chronicles|9:29. The passage reads: Now the rest of the acts of Solomon, first and last, are they not written in… …   Wikipedia

  • Ахия (пророк) — …   Википедия

  • Shilonite —    Ahijah the prophet, whose home was in Shiloh, is so designated (1 Kings 11:29; 15:29). The plural form occurs (1 Chr. 9:5), denoting the descendants of Shelah, Judah s youngest son …   Easton's Bible Dictionary


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